Oncolytic viruses (OVs) are a class of viruses that can selectively replicate in and lyse cancer cells, and subsequent spread with a tumor while not causing damage to normal cells. Besides the direct oncolytic activity, OVs are also effective in stimulating the body immune responses which can further help recogonize, control or destroy cancer cells. Through the combination of the tumor-specific cell lysis and immune stimulation, OVs act their antitumor activities in situ.
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